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Clock Generator CG635 ... from $2995
CG635 — 2 GHz clock generator
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CG635 Clock Generator
  • Clocks from 1 µHz to 2.05 GHz
  • Random jitter <1 ps rms
  • 16 digits of frequency resolution
  • 80 ps rise and fall times
  • CMOS, PECL, ECL, LVDS & RS-485
  • Phase control and time modulation
  • PRBS for eye-pattern testing
  • OCXO and rubidium timebase
The CG635 generates extremely stable square wave clocks between 1 µHz and 2.05 GHz. The instrument's high frequency resolution, low jitter, fast transition times, and flexible output levels make it ideal for use in the development and testing of virtually any digital component, system or network.

Clean clocks are critical in systems that use high-speed ADCs or DACs. Spurious clock modulation and jitter create artifacts and noise in acquired signals and in reconstructed waveforms.

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CG635 Clock Generator

The CG635 generates extremely stable square wave clocks between 1 µHz and 2.05 GHz. The instrument's high frequency resolution, low jitter, fast transition times, and flexible output levels make it ideal for use in the development and testing of virtually any digital component, system or network.

Clean clocks are critical in systems that use high-speed ADCs or DACs. Spurious clock modulation and jitter create artifacts and noise in acquired signals and in reconstructed waveforms. Clean clocks are also important in communications systems and networks. Jitter, wander, or frequency offsets can lead to high bit error rates, or to a total loss of synchronization. The CG635 can provide the clean, stable clocks required for the most critical applications.

Output Drivers

The CG635 has several clock outputs. The front-panel Q and -Q outputs provide complementary square waves at standard logic levels (ECL, PECL, LVDS or +7 dBm). The square wave amplitude may also be set from 0.2 V to 1.0 V, with an offset between -2 V and +5 V. These outputs operate from DC to 2.05 GHz, have transition times of 80 ps, a source impedance of 50 Ω, and are intended to drive 50 Ω loads. Output levels double when these outputs are unterminated.

The front-panel CMOS output provides square waves at standard logic levels. The output may also be set to any amplitude from 0.5 V to 6.0 V. The CMOS output has transition times of less than 1 ns and operates up to 250 MHz. It has a 50 Ω source impedance and is intended to drive high impedance loads at the end of any length of 50 Ω coax cable.

A rear-panel RJ-45 connector provides differential square wave clocks on twisted pairs at RS-485 levels (up to 105 MHz) and LVDS levels (up to 2.05 GHz). This output also provides ±5 VDC power for optional line receivers (CG640 to CG649). The clock outputs have 100 Ω source impedances and are intended to drive shielded CAT-6 cable with 100 Ω terminations. The differential clocks may be used directly by the target system, or with optional line receivers that provide complementary logic outputs on SMA connectors.

Choice of Timebases

The standard crystal timebase has a stability of better than 5 ppm. The CG635’s 10 MHz timebase input allows the instrument to be phase-locked to an external 10 MHz reference. The 10 MHz output may be used to lock two CG635s together.

There are two optional timebases. An oven-controlled crystal oscillator (OCXO) provides about 100 times better frequency stability than the standard crystal oscillator. A rubidium frequency source provides about 10,000 times better stability. Either optional timebase will substantially reduce the low-frequency phase noise of the synthesized output.

Phase and Time Modulation

The clock phase can be adjusted with high precision. The phase resolution is one degree for frequencies above 200 MHz, and increases by a factor of ten for each decade below 200 MHz, with a maximum resolution of one nano-degree. This allows clock edges to be positioned with a resolution of better than 14 ps at any frequency between 0.2 Hz and 2.05 GHz.

The timing of clock edges can be modulated over ±5 ns via a rear-panel time-modulation input. The input has a sensitivity of 1 ns/V and a bandwidth from DC to over 10 kHz, allowing an analog signal to control the phase of the clock output. This feature is very useful for characterizing a system's susceptibility to clock modulation and jitter.

For Every Application

With its exceptionally low phase noise and high frequency resolution, the CG635 replaces RF signal generators in many applications. Front-panel outputs provide square waves up to +7 dBm — ideal for driving RF mixers. Should your application require sine waves, in-line low-pass filters are commercially available to convert the CG635's square wave outputs to low distortion sine wave outputs.

The CG635 can provide a wide range of clean, precise clocks for the most critical timing requirements. The instrument is an essential tool for demonstrating a system's performance with a nearly ideal clock, and for understanding a system's susceptibility to a compromised clock. The CG635 has the frequency range, precision, stability, and jitter-free performance needed to fulfill all your clock requirements.

 

 

Phone: (408)744-9040 • Fax: (408)744-9049 • email: info@thinkSRS.comwww.thinkSRS.com

CG635 Clock Generator

Frequency

Range DC, 1 µHz to 2.05 GHz
Resolution 16 digits (f ≥ 10 kHz), 1 pHz (f < 10 kHz)
Accuracy Δf < ±(2× 10-19 + timebase error) × f
Settling time <30 ms
Timebase (20 °C to 30 °C ambient)
Stability <5 ppm (std. timebase)
><0.01 ppm (opt. 02 OCXO)
<0.0001 ppm (opt. 03 Rb timebase)
Aging <5 ppm/year (std. timebase)
<0.2 ppm/year (opt. 02 OCXO)
<0.0005 ppm/year (opt. 03 Rb timebase)
External input 10 MHz ± 10 ppm, sine >0.5 Vpp, 1 kΩ
Output 10 MHz, 1.41 Vpp sine into 50 Ω
Phase Noise (at 622.08 MHz)
100 Hz offset < -90 dBc/Hz
1 kHz offset < -100 dBc/Hz
10 kHz offset < -100 dBc/Hz
100 kHz offset < -110 dBc/Hz
Jitter and Wander
Jitter (rms) <1 ps (1 kHz to 5 MHz bandwidth)
Wander (p-p) <20 ps (10 s persistence)
Time Modulation (Rear-panel input, 1 kΩ)
Sensitivity 1 ns/V, ±5 %
Range ±5 ns
Bandwidth DC to greater than 10 kHz
Phase setting
Range ±720° (max. step size ±360°)
Resolution <14 ps
Slew time <300 ms
Q and −Q Outputs
Outputs Front-panel BNC connectors
Frequency range DC to 2.05 GHz
High level -2.00 V ≤ VHIGH ≤ +5.00 V
Amplitude 200 mV ≤ VAMPL ≤ 1.00 V
(VAMPL ≡ VHIGH - VLOW)
Level resolution 10 mV
Level error <1 % + 10 mV
Transition time <100 ps (20 % to 80 %)
Symmetry <100 ps departure from nominal 50 %
Source impedance 50 Ω(±1 %)
Load impedance 50 Ω to ground on both outputs
Pre-programmed levels PECL, LVDS, +7 dBm, ECL
CMOS Output
Output Front-panel BNC
Frequency range DC to 250 MHz
Low level -1.00 V ≤ VLOW≤ +1.00 V
Amplitude 500 mV ≤ VAMPL ≤ 6.00 V
(VAMPL ≡ VHIGH - VLOW)
Level resolution 10 mV
Level error <2 % of VAMPL+ 20 mV
Transition time <1 ns (20 % to 80 %)
Symmetry <500 ps departure from nominal 50 %
Source impedance 50 Ω (reverse terminates cable reflection)
Load impedance Unterminated 50 Ω cable of any length
Attenuation (50 Ω load) Output levels are divided by 2
Pre-programmed levels 1.2 V, 1.8 V, 2.5 V, 3.3 V or 5.0 V
RS-485 Output
Output Rear-panel RJ-45
Frequency range DC to 105 MHz
Transition time <800 ps (20 % to 80 %)
Clock output Pin 7 and pin 8 drive twisted pair
Source impedance 100 Ω between pin 7 and pin 8
Load impedance 100 Ω between pin 7 and pin 8
Logic levels VLOW = +0.8 V, VHIGH = +2.5 V
Recommended cable Straight-through Category-6
LVDS Output (EIA/TIA-644)
Output Rear-panel RJ-45
Frequency range DC to 2.05 GHz
Transition time <100 ps (20 % to 80 %)
Clock output Pin 1 and pin 2 to drive twisted pair
Source impedance 100 Ω between pin 1 and pin 2
Load impedance 100 Ω between pin 1 and pin 2
Logic levels VLOW = +0.96 V, VHIGH = +1.34 V
Recommended cable Straight-through Category-6
PRBS (Opt. 01) (EIA/TIA-644)
Outputs PRBS, -PRBS, CLK and -CLK
Frequency range DC to 1.55 GHz
Level LVDS on rear-panel SMA jacks
PRBS generator x7 + x6 + 1 for a length of 27 - 1 bits
Transition time <100 ps (20 % to 80 %)
Load impedance 50 Ω to ground on all outputs
General
Computer interfaces GPIB and RS-232 std. All functions can be controlled through either interface.
Non-volatile memory Ten sets of instrument configurations can be stored and recalled.
Power 90 to 264 VAC, 47 to 63 Hz, 50 W
Dimensions, weight 8.5"× 3.5" × 13" (WHL), 9 lbs.
Warranty One year parts and labor on defects in materials and workmanship
 
 
 
 
 
Phone: (408)744-9040 • Fax: (408)744-9049 • email: info@thinkSRS.comwww.thinkSRS.com